Pishevar intervenes in Benchmark-Kalanick lawsuit


Pishevar intervenes in Benchmark-Kalanick lawsuit

Early Uber investor and former board member Shervin Pishevar is speaking out against Benchmark again. This time, he penned a letter to Uber’s board, demanding that Benchmark Capital drop its lawsuit against former CEO Travis Kalanick. He also filed a legal motion, asking for he case to be dismissed, saying in his letter to the board that he had “no choice.”

The letter says Pishevar has “tried in every way possible to convince my friends at Benchmark to drop this lawsuit, to end their public campaign against the founder and the company and to divest their shares under a proposal which would reward them hugely for their investment.” But Benchmark has “refused to meet” with Pishevar.

Pishevar accuses Benchmark of violating fiduciary duty, by its willingness to “talk to others inappropriately.” He also accuses Benchmark’s Kris Frederickson of convincing Gautam Gupta, Uber’s head of finance, to go to another company where he owned shares.

Pishevar claims that Benchmark has also conferred with Lowercase Capital in an attempt to remove Arianna Huffington from the board.

Recently, Pishevar circulated a petition attempting to pressure Benchmark to sell most of its shares and give up its board seat.

Last year, at our Disrupt event in San Francisco, TC talked with Pishevar about the venture market and specifically about Benchmark’s Bill Gurley, who recently stepped off of Uber’s board, installing his partner Matt Cohler in his stead. Said Pishevar in that stage appearance,”I have tremendous respect for Bill Gurley. He’s a friend of mine. I look up to him. Him and [fellow Benchmark partner] Matt Cohler actually referred Uber to me for the Series B.”

At the time, Pishevar was working as a venture capitalist with Menlo Ventures, which went on to lead that round.

“[Benchmark] did the Series A. So whenever he speaks I listen,” Pishevar had said.

Pishevar declined to comment for this story. We also reached out to Benchmark, which has yet to respond.

Here is the full text of the letter and below it, you’ll find the motion his attorneys filed.

Uber Technologies Inc.
c/o Garrett Camp
Chairman of the Board Directors
1455 Market Street
San Francisco, CA 94103

August 24, 2017


Dear Uber Board of Directors.

I write to inform you that, along with Steve Russell, I have come to the conclusion that I have no choice but to seek to intervene in the unfortunate lawsuit that Benchmark Capital has brought against Travis Kalanick, the founder and former CEO of Uber.


As you know, I have tried in every way possible to convince my friends at Benchmark to drop this lawsuit, to end their public campaign against the founder and the company, and to divest their shares under a proposal which would reward them hugely for their investment. I have called for Benchmark to resign from the Board by proposing a specific plan that would allow Benchmark to reduce its holdings so that the rest of the Board can move forward constructively to address the challenges of building our company, securing new infusions of major capital, and recruiting a world-class CEO to oversee our continued growth.


Instead, Benchmark has refused to meet with me to address these concerns. I asked as a friend to “have a rational, adult conversation,” to “have a conversation and try to make peace on behalf of all.” Benchmark told me they looked forward to talking with me “when this is over” but saw no possibility of “a meaningful conversation” with me about these issues.


But they have been more than willing to talk to others, inappropriately, and in violation of their fiduciary duty. They reached out directly to employees in a letter, which is utterly inappropriate for a venture capital firm to do. Benchmark principal Kris Fredrickson helped recruited Gautam Gupta, the head of finance and effectively the acting Uber CFO, to another company where he owned shares without ever informing Uber in fact, Frederickson told his partner and Uber board member Bill Gurley six months earlier, but Gurley never told Travis Kalanick, exacerbating the crisis facing the Company in May 2017 when Gupta left. Even more troubling, we have been told that Benchmark has been conferring with Lowercase Capital with respect to adverse action against Uber, indicating that they are seeking to remove Arianna Huffington from the Board and, in clear violation of their fiduciary duties, wrongfully leaked highly confidential details from the investigation by former Attorney General Eric Holder.


Benchmark even intruded itself into staff recommendations made by Holder, urging – contrary to the CEO’s wishes – that Holder recommend that the General Counsel be retained, rather than offered a promotion, lest that be seen negatively; yet another inappropriate intrusion by a venture capital investor, this time in an independent investigation


And perhaps most tellingly of all, Benchmark appears determined to insert its own candidate as CEO, Meg Whitman, prior to addressing any future issues, telling me that they “see no meaningful discussion without an acceptable CEO candidate being hired… uninfected by improper influences.” The “improper influences” here are Benchmark’s own efforts to control the company. They have no interest in reaching a peaceful accord which will allow this great company to grow even more, to recruit a world-class CEO, to secure further important funding. Clearly, they have a different agenda than ours.


Benchmark’s investment of $27 million has grown to some $8.4 billion because of the outstanding leadership of Travis Kalanick and his team. Benchmark recognized as much, even as it was encouraging Travis to resign. For a venture capital firm to then turn around, having threatened Mr. Kalanick with a public campaign if he did not resign, and then launch the campaign anyway – complete with the filing of a frivolous lawsuit notwithstanding an arbitration clause that prohibits such lawsuits from being brought in the first instance – has unfortunately convinced us that Benchmark is not operating in good faith, does not have the company’s best interests at heart, and instead is seeking to take advantage of the current circumstances to try to take control of the Board. Conduct so completely at odds with Benchmark’s fiduciary duty cannot be left unanswered, particularly at this terrible time for Mr. Kalanick and his family. We all owe a huge debt to Travis and his team for their tireless work in imagining, creating, and building Uber. I know how proud Bonnie Kalanick was of her son’s work, and it is an affront to her memory which we cannot silently tolerate that her passing should become the occasion for a secretive and personal assault on her son by those who, by sheer dint of his hard work and determination and that of his team, he has made wealthy beyond all their other investments


The lawsuit brought by Benchmark seeks to cancel the Voting Agreement amendments adopted in 2016, when the Saudi Government’s Public Investment Fund made a $3.5 billion dollar investment in Uber. The Agreement was amended to give the Saudis the right to designate a board member; and to give founder and CEO Travis Kalanick three seats he had the right to designate. No one objected at the time; nor did they object any time in the next year. It was only after Mr. Kalanick took a leave to deal with his family’s personal tragedies that Benchmark for the first time took the position that Mr. Kalanick should be forced to resign and to give up his right to appoint additional Board members – supposedly because he had withheld information that Benchmark in fact knew all about.


There is no basis for canceling an agreement entered into by sophisticated investors each advised by counsel. We have a direct and substantial interest in not allowing the governance of the company to be unilaterally changed at the insistence of one party in violation of the procedures requiring written consent to amend. And there is no basis for Benchmark’s decision to ignore the comprehensive arbitration provision which governs all disputes arising out of that Agreement in favor of a high-profile filing that paints the company in a negative light to serve Benchmark’s own interest in a public campaign against the founder.


We are seeking to intervene in the lawsuit because if Benchmark insists on trying to use the courts to try to take over this company, we are committed to doing everything we can to try to stop this abuse.


We continue to hope that a way can be found for Benchmark to move forward, having profited so handsomely from the work of Travis Kalanick and many others, and to do so without inflicting gratuitous harm on the company which we have all supported, and for which we continue to have the greatest expectations.




Shervin Pishevar

Trustee, Sofreh LP

Former Uber Board Observer (2011-2015) and Advisor


Motion to Intervene by Katie Roof on Scribd

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